Absolute vs relative dating techniques
Dating is a technique used in archeology to ascertain the age of artifacts, fossils and other items considered to be valuable by archeologists.
Relative dating makes use of the common sense principle that in a deposition of layers.
When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena.
Healthy profits are to be made from illicitly plundered ancient sites or selling skillfully made forgeries.
The style of the artefact and its archaeology location stratigraphically are required to arrive at a relative date.
For example, if an artefact, say an oil lamp, is found co-located on the same floor of a governor's dwelling, and that floor can be dated in archaeology terms by reason of the patterns employed in the mosaic, then it is assumed that in relation to the floor that the lamp is of the same age.